Article by MADISON FLEITAS
Flint, Michigan, is having a lead poisoning crisis in their water that is causing citizens to become sick.
Though the catastrophe has ended, people in Flint still need help cleaning all of the water pipes and healing the sick.
People in Flint, Michigan, are going through a crisis: lead poisoning. Lead began to make its way through the water pipes of Flint around April of 2014, thus poisoning the residents. Not only have some adults and children become sick, but some animals as well. An excessive amount of lead and iron made its way into the water after there was a change in the water sources. The city of Flint decided to switch water sources from Lake Huron to Flint River, which, according to Sara Ganim and Linh Tran from CNN, is “a notorious tributary that runs through town known to locals for its filth.” The project of changing the main water system was said to be completed in two years, and it is still under way.
Residents say that after the transition, the water started to have a strange smell and looked dirty. "The water would come in brown and my daughter was like 'Mom ... why is the water brown?'" says Rhonda Kelso. Recent studies from The Virginia Tech Research Team have shown that the Flint River may contain more iron than Lake Huron.
Not only was Flint’s Department of Environmental Quality not treating the water for iron, which is required by federal law, but almost half of the service lines that are in the homes of people are made of iron. Flint’s former mayor, Mayor Dayne Walling, decided to drink some of the water in order to publically announce the water was safe, but Virginia Tech was sceptical and searched for lead to prove the state officials were wrong; state officials, however, are still insisting their research is more accurate.
Studies have shown that 90% of the Flint water issue could have been avoided if Flint did not attempt to change water sources. The people of Flint knew nothing about the water problem until Dr. Mona Hanna-Attisha, from Flint’s Hurley Medical Center, addressed the issue, yet some people didn’t believe she was right. According to CNN News, “At first, the state publicly denounced her work, saying she was causing near hysteria. They spent a week attacking her before reversing their narrative and admitting she was right.” After this matter became known, Flint converted back to Lake Huron, though the damage to the pipes was done and could no longer be reversed.
Even though the city is attempting to properly treat the water, there are still traces of lead in the pipes, and this contamination is still causing illnesses throughout the city. Now the city is issuing water bottles in order to prevent the citizens from developing lead poisoning. Many people are trying to assist Flint by making donations that will help. If you choose to, you can donate at https://good360.org/flint-michigan/, and your contribution will be greatly appreciated.
Article by DEREK MARTINEZ
High school football resulted in eight fatal injuries in September alone.
Cam’ron Mathews, Tyrell Cameron, and Ben Hamm, are among the many recent deaths in high school football.
There are twelve annual high school football fatalities on average.
High school football is a tradition that has been deeply rooted in American culture for years. According to a 2011 survey, the most popular high school sport in this country is football, and there are over 1.1 million high school participants. One element of the sport that has gained mass infamy is that the sport involves and promotes intense violence that can result in head injuries, like concussions, that may lead to permanent brain complications later on in life.
Recently, controversy over the sport’s safety has been brought up once again, due to the deaths of several young football players. This past fall, a total of eight football related deaths occurred. Some of these athletes died immediately on the field, and among them was Cam’ron Mathews who felt “dizzy” during a team huddle and then collapsed and died moments later. Tyrell Cameron was another player who passed away due to football related injuries. Following a routine kick return play, Cameron broke his neck and died in a local hospital. Another high school student, Ben Hamm, passed away in a hospital due to a lack of oxygen in his brain after he attempted to tackle another player, and he suffered a head injury as a result.
Some explanations provided by experts as to why high school students seem to suffer the most critical injuries include that there are more high school players in the nation compared to college and NFL players, so the likelihood of injury is far greater for high school football. Furthermore, high school players’ brains are fragile and more susceptible to injuries because they are young, and their brains are still developing. Thus, their brains can be greatly impacted by even the most minimal hits, which can lead to or directly cause grave injuries. High school football players are also not as disciplined as professionals or collegiate athletes (because they have less experience in the sport), so their tackling techniques tend to be more reckless, and they are much more likely to result in head to head collisions, which can lead to harsh injuries. Moreover, some of the equipment used by these high schools may be outdated and unsafe for use. Many high schools reuse their helmets, but those helmets may not provide as much impact protection as the newest models; many high schools, however, cannot afford to purchase new football equipment, which may put their players at a greater risk of injury.
The annual number of high school football related deaths in the United States is twelve, according to the NYDailyNews. The high school football season began in September, and there were eight deaths just in that month. While many argue that high school deaths have always been an issue, there still remains the question: how have we made no progress at all to make the sport safer for teens to participate in since the 1960s?